When the postmaster had finished his supper, the girl
suddenly asked him : ‘ Dada, will you take me to
your home ?’ The postmaster laughed. ‘What an idea !’
said he ; but he did not think it necessary to
explain to the girl wherein lay the absurdity.
That whole night, in her waking and in her
dreams, the postmaster’s laughing reply haunted
her * What an idea !
“The familiar people and things had failed her so she hung over the gate and looked up the road towards way off. She knew now that marriage did not make love. Janie’s first dream was dead, so she became a woman.”
Hurston, Zora Neale. Their Eyes Were Watching God. Harper Perennial Modern Classics, 2006, page 25.
Thus far, Jamie reminisces over her life, and how different it is from the one she imagined, coming face to face with her expected role as a woman and a wife. Realizing that even with a relatively wealthy husband, she was not happy even though her grandmother had said this was her way to a better life. She recognizes the expectations towards her because of her gender and because of her status as a married woman.
” But my mother is a fish”… “Jewel’s mother is a horse”… “ Then what is your ma, Darl?” I said. “I haven’t got ere one,” Darl said.”
Faulkner, William. As I Lay Dying. Vintage International, 1990, page 101
I found these descriptors quite interesting because they seem to reflect what’s most memorable or important to each individual character. Vardaman remembers the near past or presents when his mother floated down the river, seemingly in his eyes becoming a fish. Due to his youth and his love of fishing, this translates into his mother herself becoming a fish herself. Jewel only seems to care about money and his horse, which he worked so hard to get. As such, this takes precedence in his mind over his own mother. Darl is the only one not making his dead mother into something else. She simply disappears in his eyes. Either reflecting her absence in his life due to her favoritism towards Jewel or her current deceased state. These descriptors are constantly repeated so far throughout the book, especially Vardaman’s, “My mother is a fish.” This is a clear example of their relationship with their mother and the vast differences between themselves to the point where there are two different anthropomorphized mothers and one which is no longer there.
“Far was Italy and the white houses and the room where her sister sat making hats, and the streets crowded every evening with people walking, laughing out loud, not half alive like people here, huddled up in Bath chairs, looking at a few ugly flowers stuck in pots!” (Woolf, 11 -12)
We are taken away from Clarissa’s inner consciousness and transported into Rezia’s memories of home. These thoughts arise when she steps away from her husband Septimus. An expression of nostalgia and frustration of her current life and her closeted secret regarding her husband’s madness. The only escape she can find was of a better life back in her native Italy.
“I am a catholic as my father was and his father before him and his father before him again when we gave up our lives rather than sell our faith.” (27)
“And she did not like him to play with Eileen because Eileen was a protestant and when she was young she knew children that used to play with protestants and the protestants used to make fun of the litany of the Blessed Virgin. (28)
The world in which Stephen is growing up is one centered on religion, from his school life and even his family life is dictated by religious ideology. It is also a subject of great debate both within the Catholics themselves as seen at Christmas, or the Catholic attitudes towards non-Catholics.
“Dencombe, soaring again a little on the weak wings of convalescence still by that happy notion of an organized rescue, found another strain of eloquence to plead the cause of a certain splendid “last manner,” the very citadel, as it would prove, of his reputation, the stronghold into which his real treasure would be gathered.” (James, 350)
Henry James, “The Middle Years”, H. James Complete Stories 1892-1898, The Library of America, 1996, page 350.
Sentence offers a picture of both Decombe’s internal struggle as an artist and his sense of unfulfillment as well as the effect the young doctor is beginning to have upon him giving him greater confidence in what he has already accomplished. Utilizing imagery of a stronghold to highlight the importance of one’s reputation has for Dencombe and his wish to continue adding to this stronghold. He also mentions the happiness he feels when conversing with Hugh that he feels he is “soaring” albeit on weak and sickly wings but he is beginning to have a better image of how his work will remain even after he is gone.