Portrait of the Artist as a young man

“I am a catholic as my father was and his father before him and his father before him again when we gave up our lives rather than sell our faith.” (27)

“And she did not like him to play with Eileen because Eileen was a protestant and when she was young she knew children that used to play with protestants and the protestants used to make fun of the litany of the Blessed Virgin. (28)

The world in which Stephen is growing up is one centered on religion, from his school life and even his family life is dictated by religious ideology. It is also a subject of great debate both within the Catholics themselves as seen at Christmas, or the Catholic attitudes towards non-Catholics.