“Everybody Ishmaels together- though I don’t suppose Sir Reuben would like to be called that, would he? Doesn’t it mean illegitimate, or not a proper Jew, anyway? I always did get confused with those Old Testament characters” (Sayers 58).
Sayers, Dorothy. Whose Body? 1923. Reprint, New York: Dover, 2009. isbn: 9780486473628.
“Ishmaels”- reference to story of Abraham and Sarah, city as full of enemies, social problems within Jewish communities, labeling Jewish characters